The Endocannabinoid System
Rate this post

One of the most significant physiologic systems used in enhancing human health is the endocannabinoid system. Endocannabinoids and receptors are in various body parts. Organs, immune cells, glands, connective tissues, and the brain all have endocannabinoids and receptors. The endocannabinoid system is focused on homeostasis. This means that it brings stability to the internal environment regardless of external environment fluctuations.

Components Of The Endocannabinoid System

The essential components of the endocannabinoid system include the Metabolic enzymes. These enzymes break down endocannabinoids after being used. There are the endocannabinoids that are small molecules stimulating cannabinoid receptors. The cannabinoid receptors are on cell surfaces.

The Importance Of The Endocannabinoid System

The Endocannabinoid system is used in the regulation of:


Inflammation is a natural, automatic protective response initiated by the immune system due to physical damage or infection. The role of inflammation is to get rid of damaged tissues and pathogens. It’s important to control inflammation on the damaged area to avoid further damage. Immune diseases and inflammation are as a result of inappropriate immune system activation.

The endocannabinoid system limits or suppresses inflammatory signals. As a result, inflammation is minimized. This results in a reduction of pain in the affected area.

Brain Cell Firing

Brain cells usually communicate through sending electrochemical signals to other neurons. Every neuron listens to its partner, then chooses on whether to fire its signal at every given time. Neurons shouldn’t get an overload of signals. If that overload occurs, it risks being toxic.

Endocannabinoid does play a very vital role in regulating the brain cell firing. Overactive neurons are connected to endocannabinoids. In return, the endocannabinoids return to overactive neurons binding to CB1 receptors releasing a neuron which cools them down.

What are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are brain neurotransmitters called anandamides /endogenous cannabinoids. There is the reason why brains do have cannabinoid receptors. Cannabinoids encourage homeostasis in every biological level of life.

Cannabinoid receptors

Cannabinoid receptors are in almost every part of the body, specifically located in cell membranes. These receptors are the most common receptor system. Activated cannabinoid receptors cause various physiologic processes. CB1 receptors are in organs, glands, gonads, connective tissues and immune systems. On the other hand, CB2 are in the immune system and related structures. A lot of tissues have CB1 and CB2 receptors, used in executing various actions. However, there are chances that there might be another Cannabinoid receptor which is yet to be found.

Metabolic Enzymes

Metabolic receptors are used in the destruction of endocannabinoids after they have been used. The two main enzymes are MAGL used in the breaking down of double AG and FAAH used in breaking down of anandamide. They make sure that endocannabinoids are used whenever needed though not exceeding their expected duration. For that reason, endocannabinoids come out dissimilar to other molecular signals such as classical neurotransmitters and hormones. These other molecular signals persist for longer durations.

How Do ECS Receptors Work?

The endocannabinoid system consists of numerous cell receptors which monitor essential body processes. This system assists in regulating pain, immune system, memory, mood, and sleep.

Cannabinoid receptors work in the following ways:

Contain Enzyme helpers

Enzymes are vital in many human body processes. One of the processes in which enzymes actively take part is Endocannabinoid System. Enzymes monitor the endocannabinoids found in the human body. Usually, they regulate endocannabinoids in operation at a particular time. They help curb the risk of excess endocannabinoids which might breed dire consequences to body processes.

The cannabinoid receptors have a non-psychoactive Cannabinoid enzyme. It is a type of chemical compound found in the cannabis plant. This enzyme ensures endocannabinoids in your body is well used. Cannabinoid receptors rely on abundant and healthy endocannabinoids

Cannabinoid receptors depend on active and healthy endocannabinoids. In return, they can receive and transport messages which control your memory, mood, and other important biological processes. On the other side, endocannabinoids functions on their level best when paired with non-psychoactive cannabinoids. Although CBD fails to bind to cannabinoid receptors, it still ensures higher ECS functionality by working specifically with endocannabinoids.

Create Information Relay Team

Cannabinoid receptors seamlessly react to body agonists. Usually, an agonist gives a message to the receptor which in return responds by inducing a series of tasks which help in enhancing cannabinoid functioning.

The human body contains two known receptors. Cannabinoid receptor 1(CB1) concentrated in the nervous system and Cannabinoid Receptor 2(CB2) that works in the immune system related areas such as nervous system and digestive tract.

Endocannabinoids are simply messengers which go between these receptors. However, they need to be in the right shape so that the ECS can work perfectly. The endocannabinoids are supplied by foods with high Omega-3 fatty acids.

What problems have occurred due to deficiency of receptors?

Deficiency in receptors is able to result in various medical conditions such as:

• Migraines
• Parkinson’s disease
• Alzheimer’s disease
• Multiple sclerosis
• Slowness in movement
• Depression
• Serotonin
• Low Dopamine levels In the face of deficiency in receptors, it is advisable you visit a medical expert. The medical expert will carry out the necessary assessment before granting you the treatment you need. The above medical conditions are a sign that you may be experiencing a deficiency in receptors.

Studies on CBD and Endocannabinoid system

A study published in Pain, (a medical journal) investigated CBD and Osteoarthritis pain relief. It involved the treating of rats which had osteoarthritis. CBD blocks the pain which emanates from Osteoarthritis.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse & Stony Brook University researchers conducted a study and the findings confirmed the endocannabinoid system involvement in physiological processes that are essential in treating marijuana addiction and pain.


The endocannabinoid system is an essential part of the human body. It initiates physiological processes which help in controlling various body processes like mood, stress, immune system and the neurological system. A stable endocannabinoid system is essential for maintaining good health.


The information made available on this page is based on studies and research as well as experiences from CBD users.

For a medical condition always consult with a healthcare professional before consuming CBD. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease, ailment or skin condition. Any information contained in or made available on our website is not intended to be used as, or be a substitute for, healthcare advice or information from licensed healthcare practitioners. Please consult a licensed health care practitioner regarding any potential interactions or complications before using our products.

This article is also available in:

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *